“All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others” — George Orwell
Animal Farm is about a farm being taken over by overworked and mistreated animals and ended up being ruled under totalitarianism. Stalinist Russia was considered the target when the book was first published. However, this masterpiece could apply to so much more events and revolutions in real life than we could imagine, and it is a great lesson for all human beings.
The book is absolutely great for politics and history lovers. It is interesting to read, and interesting to think about. There are so much more behind the actual plots and stories, and we could absolutely dig deep into it. Interestingly, each animal represent something in real life that we could connect to.
Unity and Conflicts
— book review of Animal Farm
Most historians would agree that the best way to bring people together is the existence of a common enemy, especially in the face of revolutions. However, after the elimination of the previous government, the question remain of who would take control of the new government, which often lead to conflicts and even wars. In the book Animal Farm, Orwell argues that people tend to unite when facing a common enemy, but conflicts emerge between different parties after the success of the revolution, which is also present in the Russian Revolution. Orwell does so by revealing the shift of the animals’ fate from overthrowing Mr. Jones to being ruled under the dictatorship of Napoleon.
Both Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution show that people are united and collaborative when they face a common enemy that needs to be eliminated. In Animal Farm, the animals unanimously reach the agreement that “Man is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene, and the root cause of hunger and overwork is abolished forever” (Orwell 7). The animals’ hostility toward Mr. Jones and the human race is so strong that they believe by working together to overthrow the farmers, they would be able to live a happy life. Similarly, Lenin had all the communists believe that” The government is tottering”(Lenin 1) and that by working together to remove it, they could receive “the offer of peace, the salvation of Petrograd, salvation from famine, the transfer of the land to the peasants depend upon them” (Lenin 2). Lenin argued that the defeat of Czar Nicolas II and the government was able to lead to a bright future and a better life, which appealed the working class to unite and rebel despite of the differences among them. Mr. Jones and Czar Nicolas II represent the common enemies the animals and communists face, and they are both overthrown by the united individual, because the animals and people believe that doing so would guarantee them a prosperous future.
However, things aren’t perfect as people anticipated after the revolution. Orwell argues that after the disappearance of a common enemy, different parties would fight for the control over authorities and thus break the ideal of communism. In Animal Farm, Napoleon expels Snowball by saying that he is “no better than a criminal” (Orwell 55) and is a “dangerous character and a bad influence” (Orwell 58). By posing the bad titles on Snowball, Napoleon successfully kicks Snowball out of the farm and gains support of the animals. Likewise, Trotsky was “run out of the country by Stalin whose powers lie in his infamous secret police or ‘cheka’ ” (Maxon). In order to eliminate the opponent, Stalin used his secret police to expulse Trostsky and successfully got rid of his potential threat. Conflicts emerged after the execution of the previous government, and both Napoleon and Stalin used filthy means to eradicate their competitors, which created chaos and conflicts in the newly established systems, and eventually demolished the existence of communism.
It is clear that in both the book Animal Farm and the Russian Revolution that the revolutions succeeded because of a common faith; unfortunately, conflicts occurred about the belonging of the power, and one single identity ended up gaining control over the other. It is not just a coincidence that similar plots happened both in the book and in reality. Orwell was trying to tell people that the conflicts are inevitable plots after the revolution, and he also criticized the cause of it.
information: Animal Farm- George Orwell
little revision is made